Ottoman Garden

Ottoman Garden was designed as a historical garden that will reflect the periodic characteristics. The most important feature of the garden is that the places created are theatrical and represent any living space. In addition to the constructional components of the period such as water-tank with a fountain and fountain, the plants depicting the relevant period will be used. Ottoman Garden will contain big plane trees with wide shades, columnar cypress and a rose garden consisting of odorous roses. The garden will be enriched with the tulips and other colorful flowers surrounded by the fence plants such as common box.

Water-tank with fountain - mansion: The art work inspiring the structure is Hagia Sophia Water-tank with Mansion. Built in 1740 by Sultan Mahmud I, Hagia Sophia Water-tank is situated in the garden of Hagia Sophia. This masterwork of the Ottoman Architecture is one of the biggest and most beautiful water tanks of İstanbul.

Curvilinear fountains and the adjacent walls: The art works that provide the inspiration for the structure are the Fountain of Mahmud II in Yedikule and the garden walls of Feyzullah Efendi lodge. Some parts of the fountain built in 1825 and the lodge are still exist today.

Pool and waterway: The pool in the Yard IV of Topkapı Palace and the waterway built for the pigeons in Stony Ground for Odalisques were inspired.

Selsebil and fountain: Selsebil is a late-period Ottoman work built with the Baroque style in Yard 1 of the Topkapı Palace. Selsebil word which is mentioned in surah "insan" of Koran and means fresh water refers to a clear water source in heaven, and the artificial waterfalls arranged to give peace according to Ottoman architecture terminology.

The work inspiring the fountain is the street fountain which is still in  in Fatih county and was built in 1845 by Bezmialem Sultan (Second wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud IIand mother of Sultan Abdülmecid).

Akimbo Pattern making up the form of the walking trails: It is the symbol of "motherhood, fertility and productivity" in the art of traditional Anatolian carpet-rugs.

Graveled coverings with patterns It is a covering techniques which has been applied since the Roman Empire. In Ottoman Palaces, they were used to point to the Imperial road (the road on which sultan walks) as in the previous periods. They were used in the gardens and stony grounds of the houses in later periods. They are widely used in traditional Antalya houses, since they cool around the houses through vaporization.

Carnation pattern: The pattern frequently used in the Ottoman tiles symbolizes the spring, awakening of the nature and renewal.

  • Tiles: Tiles are classified into two. The first group contains the flower symbols used in Ottoman age. These patterns such as styled carnation, tulip and peony  make the basis of Ottoman flower art.
  • In the second group, tile boards comprising the sprays and cypress are used. The patterns which were used periodically in Ottoman arts of tile, flower, hand carving and book from the classical period to late periods were applied in these sections.
  • Meaning of tile patterns in art history: Flower and tree patterns used in the tile art symbolize the gardens of paradise. Branches in bloom of plum and cherry trees are named as the spring trees and associated with the iconography of life tree among Turks. On the other hand, evergreen cypress tree is the symbol of infinite life or afterlife. Moreover, it is the symbol of oneness (unity of God), since it looks like the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. Tulip pattern is the symbol of the supreme creator and Turkishness, because the letters in its writing is the same as the "crescent" word. Besides, rose pattern is the symbol of Muhammad and was used in tiles together with tulip. Patterns of pomegranate and grape used in tiles symbolize the abundance and fertility on boards. The flowers were designed by being inspired from the samples in flower leaflets shown as both bouquets and vases. Diversity of flowers refers to the importance on the garden and flower given by Turks. Numerous odorous and nice flower species were grown as cultivated plants of Turkish taste and introduced to the world.  The people growing the flowers are well-educated and competent individuals like Maulawi Ancestor who know the meaning of such things.