Nepalese garden

Country:
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Theme:
Green Cities: Smart Children

The Nepalese presentation will revolve around development of the Green Cities and Smart Children on whom the sustainability of the Green cities relies on. Exhibition Target of the Nepal Pavilion is to present in most attractive and interactive manner various facets on how environment friendly Green cities are being developed in Nepal with special emphasis on  tradition, art, architecture, culture, agriculture and food, music and way of life vis-à-vis sustainable balance of the surrounding nature and environment.  Innovative use of indigenous natural resources in the daily life of the people in Nepal will also be specially highlighted in the Nepalese presentation.  Nepal’s objective at the Expo 2016 is to present Nepalese perspective and also supplement and complement the overall objective of the Expo in general and the Expo title “Flowers and Children” in particular, the motto “ A Green Life for Future Generations” and the theme “ Cultivating A Green Life for Future Generations”.  

Exhibition target:
Expected outcome
Nepal Pavilion expects to achieve the following at the expo:
• Contribute in achieving the overall objectives of the Expo.
• Presentation of Nepalese Floriculture, Culture, Art, Architecture, Artifacts, Cuisines, and the concept of Green cities as its “Way of Life” to the outside world.
Exhibition Content:
Nepal’s national Pavilion has been designed to highlight the expo’s theme “Cultivating A Green Life for Future Generations” under the title “Flowers and Children” with detailed work  expressing  and  elaborating  the  country’s national focus “ Green Cities: Smart Children”.
Nepal has erected a typical Nepalese traditional architectural masterpiece by using its age old building know-how and hand crafted nature friendly indigenous materials mainly on wood, metal, terracotta and stone. The pavilion will show case following major exhibitions in different segments and sections of the Pavilion in various mediums;
- Sustainable Green cities
- the Smart Children, the future of the Green cities
- Historical development of Green cities
- Biodiversity and
- Sustainability 
The artistic hand crafted Pavilion will be one big exhibition of Nepal to depict elements and way of life in the Green cities and smart children.  Nearly 300 MT of hand crafted artistic elements in wood, metal, stone and terracotta are produced in Nepal by hundreds of artisans’ families and Nepal Garden at Expo 2016 have been constructed by using these artistic materials. 

Activities:
Nepal Pavilion will present following special presentation in an attractive and interactive manner
From 23 April to 31 May – Special Presentation on Development of environment friendly Green Cities in Nepal
Month of June – Smart Children, the future of Nepal
Month of July – Agriculture, Horticulture, Floriculture with special focus on bio-diversity and sustainable supply chain of Medicinal Herbs and Aromatic Plants as the reliable sources of effective method of traditional medicine in Nepal
Month of August – Tradition, Customs and Culture of Nepal
Month of September - Development of Trade and Tourism in Nepal
Month of October – Art and Crafts of Nepal

Symposium, special exhibition, visits of experts will be organized in course of the special month-wise presentation.

Live crafts shows by Wood Carvers, Traditional Painters and Potter will be regularly organized.
Live Kitchen to prepare specialty food by well known chefs from Nepal will be at hand at the Nepal Pavilion.

Nepalese music, dances and other cultural performances will be regularly performed by popular Nepalese artists.

Nepalese Souvenir and Nepalese food stall will be operated to serve the visitors with typical Nepalese hand crafted souvenirs and Nepalese delicacies.  

Background:

Design Philosophy of Nepal Pavilion
Nepal the Himalayan country has been blessed with a very diverse topography as well as demography. Ancestors had handed down different forms of art, architecture and a “Way of Life” most suited to the diverse natural phenomenon as well as to ritual and other social cultures of the land. This evolving mix has provided a harmonious living with nature and has given this country a unique character. Nature herself has provided the platform to the artistic people of Nepal to pursue their different skills and arts in all walks of life, especially in art and architecture to build their lives in tune with nature and live in perfect harmony and bliss being one with nature.

The pavilion attempts to reflect that same nature, architecture, art, culture, food, flowers and with special emphasis given to its “Way of Life”. Flowers and Children will be centre of activities in the Nepal Pavilion through various presentations. In the central strategic areas of the pavilion a WORLD PEACE GARDEN will be created to highlight harmony living along with the nature. Nepal’s famous identity such as the country of Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the world, will also be amply highlighted. Nepal’s rich bio diversity and distinctive flora will also be highlighted. 

The focal point of Nepal pavilion is the MANDALA that symbolically represents the Cosmos. The Mandala has been used in Nepal since time immemorial as the basis and tool for planning and designing not only temple, palaces and simple residence but whole cities as well. The Mandala utilizes the square as its quintessential shape. The square is considered a finite form with four definite cardinal axes and corners – the perfect form and symbol of stability.

The Mandala also incorporates fundamental aspect of the philosophy of life- a harmonious synchronization of the five basic elements that are essential for any life such as Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Sky respectively. These elements obviously reinforce the design principles . Earth is where the object is created. The pond symbolizes Water, the source of life and Fire is the source of heat and light. Solar energy will be utilized to the maximum as far as practical. In the same way Air inside the building will be allowed to flow freely and finally as sky is considered the universe and all its forces, fields, rays and waves that directly exert an influence on all forms of Lives on earth.

Design Concept of Nepal Pavilion:
Legend has it that the STUPA came into being on its own manifesting itself out of a lake and resting on it before any settlements were created by humans. The Stupa therefore has been selected as the “jewel of the Crown” for Nepal’s Pavilion. The Stupa thus has been used as the Central part of Pavilion where the visitors will stroll. It ascends towards the steeped base which is in the form of the Mandala and mythically considered as the Heaven. The Stupa symbolizing a mountain resting on a lake has a three- tiered plinth upon which the drum and dome rests on a water body represented by the pond. The Stupa acts as a beacon of peace and brotherhood to all mankind in these troubled times.

The focal point of the Nepal Pavilion is in the centre in the form of WORLD PEACE GARDEN with life sized statue of BUDDHA. Surrounded with typical Nepalese garden alongside Nepalese Pagoda style Temple on the left side corner at the start of pavilion in the front of the pavilion. Stone tap with Entry and Exit Door with Nepalese traditional Sattal (Rest Place) will adore the main entrance.

The basic construction material for the Stupa is Earth. Excavation for the construction will leave ditches which are then filled with Water. The stepped stone spout at the entry point highlights the traditional way of the water supply system from perennial natural resources. This in itself is also a symbol of traditional architecture and technology. The images and carving are not only a pleasure to behold but also emphasize the art and skill of the craftsmen and resonate with tunes of perfect harmony with nature as well.

The courtyard in the form of Satal (the covered structure located at the two opposing corners) will be utilized for thematic exhibitions. This is the communal structure that can still be found in old historical settlements in Nepal even today. The Sattals then provided both shelter to travelers and also as vintage points to conduct various activities like fest and socializing.  It is sad to note however that rapid urbanization and industrialization has phased away these types of community settlements and their architecture and structures. There now are nuclear families and communities rather than larger communities residing in these types of construction.  The Sattal thus has been created to regenerate the positive aspects of traditional and communal lifestyle and at the expo these structures will be used to house various stalls utilizing them for exhibition, culture activities as well as information centers.
The opposite corner to the entry point will be used as garden of herbs, trees and shrubs used for traditional medicines. This garden has been created keeping in mind the importance it plays in the purification of the atmosphere as well as its ability to be a natural habitat for other life forms.
Traditional architecture will extensively use the natural resources like earth, wood and stone. These materials can be reused, recycled, modified and disposed of without disturbing nature’s intricate and fragile balance. It is no wonder that traditional architecture is therefore looked upon as being much more environmental friendly than the modern ones.

The motto “ Flowers and Children” and the theme “A Green Life for Future Generation” is as vast as nature herself and impossible for anyone to fully comprehend,  let alone try and present it at one go in one stall within 192 days. Even then sub themes “ Green Cities: Smart Children” needs a lot of time to understand and more so to express in all their true glories.
However, Nepal’s National Pavilion will in a very small way try and present the thematic presentation of Nepal to the world at the forum of Expo 2016 Antalya with a message of “Living with Greenery” to highlight message of reducing, reusing and recycling so that no one is deprived of Nature and its beauty. We truly believe that as the world gets richer materialistically it should also keep space with its spiritual growth so as to keep nature in balance. Only with this strong believe and message we can bring everlasting peace and harmony in the universe.