Japanese garden

Country:

Japan

 

Theme:

Japanese Natural Landscape and Friendship with Turkey

 

Flowers, plants and gardens of Japan in its traditional and modern cultures

 

“Horticultural Craft” and “Floral Culture” of Japan, which bloomed in the Edo Era (17-19C) and to be Handed Over to the World and to the Future.

 

 “Horticultural Craft” and “Floral Culture” which the indoor garden exhibition of Japan features bloomed among the people in the Edo Era (17-19C). It has been over 400 years of a deep interaction since then between humankind and nature passing from one generation to the next, which contains various messages for modern, urbanized societies as well as for the future generations as how to interact with nature.

 

Subtheme:

 

History

 

The garden expresses “Japanese Style” in making full use of a Japanese traditional landscape gardening technology. It also adopts the garden style established about 500 years ago and called Karesansui (Japanese rock garden) which expressed natural environment and landscape by arrangement of rocks, white sand and trimmed bushes.

 

Japan has a long history of developing its unique culture related to flowers and plants. Not only well-known Ikebana and Bonsai, or even before the establishment of them, classic literature in 9-10C often describes flowers and plants in connection with human’s life.  A name of priest first appeared in historic records as “master of flower arranging” in15C, and a priest from the same temple established the philosophy of ikebana in 16C.

 

Later in the Edo Era, i.e. 17-19C when the shogunate (military government lead by the head of samurai) was located in Tokyo, which was called Edo at that time, the culture to love and enjoy flowers and plants gradually came into fashion, in addition to priests, aristocrats and high-class samurai, among the ordinary urban people. This mind continues to this day.

 

Biodiversity

 

The garden creates the space by utilizing Turkish trees and flowers in consideration of the biodiversity endemic to Turkey.

 

Japan is a center of biodiversity in terms of cultivated plant varieties. Breeding of plants was already actively done in the Edo Era (17-19C), which created a large number of new varieties of peony, chrysanthemum, camellia, azalea, iris, morning glory etc.

 

Thanks to its accumulated knowledge and advanced technologies today, Japan continues to create various new varieties. As the result, over 2,000 items and 40,000 or more cultivars of flowers are commercially produced and distributed in Japan. Furthermore, promising varieties are exported for foreign growers. For example, varieties of sunflower (for ornamental purpose) and eustoma created and supplied by Japanese breeders have large shares in the world market.

 

 

 

Exhibition target:

Exhibition of flowers and plants originated, developed and/or produces in Japan as well as a Japanese garden, in connection with traditional and modern cultures and related techniques.

 

Exhibition content:

 

The garden expresses Japanese natural environment and landscape by the arrangements of rocks, which represents waterfall, white sand, lawn, and facilities. It also describes the seaside that was the site of the Ertugrul shipwreck, which later became the symbol of the friendly relations between Japan and Turkey.

 

Sections will be set up in the indoor garden to show, among others:

-          Rich diversity and high quality of flowers and plants produced in different regions of Japan in each season, i.e. spring, summer, autumn;

-          Contribution of the Japanese flower industry in development and distribution of popular varieties in Turkey and Europe;

-          Japanese flower-related culture such as ikebana, flower design and “hanaiku” (floral education);

-          The history of friendship between Japan and Turkey;

-          Gratitude for the support rendered from Turkey and rest of the world in rehabilitation from the great earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2011/

A Japanese garden will be built in the international garden area to express:

-          A natural landscape of Japan by “waterfall stone arrangement”, white sand and planting;

-          Atmosphere peculiar to Japan which Japanese people have been protecting and fostering, such as a sense of beauty, a sense of values, “wabi sabi”, and a mysterious profundity;

-          The history of friendship between Japan and Turkey;

-          Landscape gardening technologies remaining in the present age of Japan.

 

 

Activities:

 

In addition to ceremonies and receptions for invited guests on special occasions such as the opening and closing of the EXPO and the national day for Japan, activities are planned for the general public to show them traditional and modern Japanese cultures related to flowers, plants and gardens.

 

Other activities are planes to tighten the relationship between the Japanese and Turkish flower and landscape gardening industries.

 

As a special activity for children, workshop will be held fro visiting children and Turkish flower industry leaders on “hanaiku” (floral education) which is to foster nature-loving sound mind of children and to develop the potential future demand for the flower industry. In addition, “koinobori” (carp streamers), which is a symbol of the Japanese culture to celebrate children’, will be raised.