The tradition of Italian gardens
To understand Italian Garden Style it is necessary to go back to XV century, when people started becoming interested in the natural world from an utilitarian and an aesthetic point of view. It is in this period that the most important Italian villas of Tuscany and Lazio are built along with their gorgeous gardens.
The oudoor space was intended for the pleasure of the view of the garden and the landscape beyond, for contemplation and for the enjoyment of the sights, sounds and smells of the garden itself. Its design was based on principles of order and beauty, characterized by symmetrical and perspective views and filled with fountains, statues, grottoes and water features to delight their owners and amuse visitors.
Italian garden style studied the relationship among built elements and outdoor spaces in order to create a special connection in between them. Apart from the main villa, there was another building that allowed to define that bond with the garden, and that was the limonaia or greenhouse. Traditionally, it featured large, tall windows to maximise available sunlight in the afternoons and guarantee the necessary amount of light to vegetation species to survive.
Country: Italy Pavilion
Designers: Architect Marco Paolo Servalli (Architecture)
Landscape Architect Giuseppe Lunardini (Garden)
Dimensions: 1.100 m2
The Italy Pavilion for Expo Antalya 2016 aims to evoke Italian Gardens and the most important elements of Italian landscapes with their slopes, terraces and dry stone walls that characterize Italy from North to South.
History, arts and food have been combined to bring this pavilion to life with a design that perfectly mixes traditional elements with a contemporary design.
With this in mind the designers, Architect Marco Servalli and Landscape Architect Giuseppe Lunardini, decided to design the building as a limonaia (a traditional greenhouse). It often happened that limonaias had back walls made of stone while their main façade was covered with climbing plants. For this reason they decided to build it with dry stone walls and to cover it with climbing jasmine, in order to create a green wall that counterposes itself to the Italian parterre.
Following Italian Gardens tradition it has been added a cloister, covered in jasmine too, that introduces visitors to the garden leading them directly to the heart of Italy.
A typical vegetation complete the pavilion by adding a Mediterranean touch. A row of cypressus define the perspective axis of the whole garden while the other trees create new feelings and emotions. Soft shapes following Italian Garden modern trends replace the rigid and geometrical ones of the building while the green of buxus hedges counterposes itself to the colors of seasonal blossomings.
Main vegetation species
Visitors of the Italy Pavilion can experience the real smell of Italian landscapes thanks to a selection of vegetation species typical of Mediterranean areas.
Such species include big trees as Cinnamomum camphora, Cupressus sempervirens pyramidalis, Morus alba platanifolia, Olea europaea, Quercus ilex, Quercus suber.
Bushes and shrubs like Arbutus unedo, Laurus nobilis, Osmanthus fragrans, Abelia grandiflora, Buxus sempervirens faulkner, Escallonia floribunda, Lavandula spica, Pennisetum alopecuroides, Pittosporum tobira, Red roses, Rosmarinus officinalis "repens", Teucrium fruticans.
Some climbing plants as Rhyncospermum jasminoides and Roses (various species).
Guided tour of the garden
The Italy Pavilion is provided of three entrances. The main one is defined by a green exedra and lead to the cloister and the pavilion.
Before reaching the building visitors will find two different green rooms, one on their left and the other one on their right. The first one is a playground where kids can enjoy themselves surrounded by olive trees, while the second one is a secret garden filled with mulberries and holms where visitors can taste some Italian delicacies served at one of the 3 food corners located inside the garden.
Once in the cloister, after having tasted some traditional Italian food at the second food corner, there’s a choice to make: entering the pavilion or exploring the rest of the garden. Visitors who chose to discover the garden will find a piece of an Italian parterre with hedges of buxus, terracotta jars and gravel paths. At the end of the Italian garden, a sloping path with seasonal blossomings and grasses will gently lead visitors outside the Italy Pavilion.
Visitors willing to deeply explore the Italian pavilion can discover the last food corner by just going left and entering a single green room on the side of the pavilion, filled with bushes of rosmarinum, from where they can enjoy a marvellous view of the vineyard.